EO-verbs are psychological predicates that map the higher-level experiencer argument (EXP) onto the object instead of the subject. While the possibility of a reflexive in the stimulus (STM) of an EO verb that can be bound by the EXP is uncontroversial for a number of languages – so-called backward binding – the grammaticality of the phenomenon in German is still under discussion.

Currently, analyses of these patterns and their grammaticality status focus on approaches postulating derived binding or the existence of non-standard reflexives. Both approaches have not yet been empirically confirmed, and it is disputed, especially for German, whether the binding of reflexive anaphors is grammatically possible in the inanimate stimulus of an EO verb. The analysis gains further complexity due to the interaction of two different groups of lexemes: besides the EO verbs, the nominal heads of the stimuli presumably might have notable effects. A broader analysis of these interactions therefore requires a combination of theoretical approaches as well as experimental, computational and corpus-based methods. As a result, the project aims for a model of the syntactic (including word order patterns) and semantic properties of EO verbs and an analysis of their reflexive binding in German.

Part of the project was the development of GerEO, a dataset containing annotations for more than 10,000 German sentences containing an EO verb.

Key Publications

Masloch, S., Poppek, J. M., & Kiss, T. (2022, January 6). Two misbehaving German dative experiencer-object verbs [Conference presentation]. 15th Forum for Germanic Language Studies conference, Reading, UK. github.com/Linguistic-Data-Science-Lab/German_EO_verbs/blob/main/FGLS/Handout_FGLS_Reading.pdf

Poppek, J. M., Masloch, S. & Kiss, T. (2022). GerEO: A large-scale resource on the syntactic distribution of German experiencer-object verbs. Proceedings of the 13th Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC 2022), 3391–3397. aclanthology.org/2022.lrec-1.362

Masloch, S., Poppek, J. M., Robrecht, A., & Kiss, T. (2021). Syntactic Pattern Distribution Analysis of
Experiencer-Object Psych Verbs: An Annotation Manual. Studies in Linguistics and Linguistic Data Science, 4, i–51. ldsl.rub.de/media/pages/research/resources/sllds/a3914a6ac2-1640260430/sllds_4.pdf

Poppek, J. M., Masloch, S., Robrecht, A., & Kiss, T. (2021). A Quantitative Approach towards German Experiencer-Object Verbs. In R. Čech & X. Chen (Eds.), Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Quantitative Syntax (Quasy, SyntaxFest 2021) (pp. 84–94). Association for Computational Linguistics. aclanthology.org/volumes/2021.quasy-1